If you’re using the popular rConfig network configuration management utility to protect and manage your network devices, here we have an important and urgent warning for you.
A cybersecurity researcher has recently published details and proof-of-concept exploits for two unpatched, critical remote code execution vulnerabilities in the rConfig utility, at least one of which could allow unauthenticated remote attackers to compromise targeted servers, and connected network devices.
Written in native PHP, rConfig is a free, open source network device configuration management utility that allows network engineers to configure and take frequent configuration snapshots of their network devices.
According to the project website, rConfig is being used to manage more than 3.3 million network devices, including switches, routers, firewalls, load-balancer, WAN optimizers.
What’s more worrisome? Both vulnerabilities affect all versions of rConfig, including the latest rConfig version 3.9.2, with no security patch available at the time of writing.
Discovered by Mohammad Askar, each flaw resides in a separate file of rConfig—one, tracked as CVE-2019-16662, can be exploited remotely without requiring pre-authentication, while the other, tracked as CVE-2019-16663, requires authentication before its exploitation.
- Unauthenticated RCE (CVE-2019-16662) in ajaxServerSettingsChk.php
- Authenticated RCE (CVE-2019-16663) in search.crud.php
In both cases, to exploit the flaw, all an attacker needs to do is access the vulnerable files with a malformed GET parameter designed to execute malicious OS commands on the targeted server.
As shown in the screenshots shared by the researcher, the PoC exploits allow attackers to get a remote shell from the victim’s server, enabling them to run any arbitrary command on the compromised server with the same privileges as of the web application.
Meanwhile, another independent security researcher analysed the flaws and discovered that the second RCE vulnerability could also be exploited without requiring authentication in rConfig versions prior to version 3.6.0.
“After reviewing rConfig’s source code, however, I found out that not only rConfig 3.9.2 has those vulnerabilities but also all versions of it. Furthermore, CVE-2019-16663, the post-auth RCE can be exploited without authentication for all versions before rConfig 3.6.0,” said the researcher, who goes by online alias Sudoka.
Askar responsibly reported both vulnerabilities to the rConfig project maintainers almost a month back and then recently decided to release details and PoC publicly after the maintainers failed to acknowledge or respond to his findings.
If you are using rConfig, you are recommended to temporarily remove it from your server until security patches arrive.