In the past, drones were considered to be a fictional gadget or fun toy that can be flown in the air by a child. Fast forward to an increasingly technologically-dependent era, drones now carry more responsibility, especially commercially, for the operations around the world. It seems like the majority of companies are beginning to offer drones for commercial purposes (Rajit, 2018). Companies are becoming increasingly dependent on drones in personal life and in work in the UK. A wide range of industries are benefiting from drones Agriculture, Public Facilities, Safety of Dangerous Structures, Aerial Photography and Filming for Security Forces (Haylen, 2019). Economically, drones are evolving with technological maturity, notably within Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning.
Drones manufactures are now integrating new technology for object detection and classification, with its data collection. This technique is known as computer vision (Martinez, 2018). It is reported that drone owners typically use drones for recreational purposes. The main use of them were videography (77.4%) and photography (74.5%), a survey conducted by DronesDirect(n.d.).
THE UPRISE IN ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE IN DRONES
Fast forward to today, there is a heavy interest in linking drones to artificial intelligence and machine learning. The goal of Artificial Intelligence in the drone industry is to be efficient and make decisions based on large data sets. Data is typically collected by the drone and automatically addressed without human input (Schroth, 2019). Drones development has increased through various tasks including maintenance, surveying, mapping, and monitoring. Software companies are offering artificial intelligence solutions to gain meaningful insights with their drone data (Schroth, 2019). The processing of data employs traditional data analytical software. Organizations are now looking at the idea of deploying artificial intelligence algorithms. As well as, now becoming increasingly dependent on machine learning as powerful and intelligent data processing tools. With the intention to reduce the processing time of big data. (Schroth, 2019).
THE IMPACT ON THE UK ECONOMY AND INDUSTRIES
There is a mixture of excitement and apprehension with the use of drones in the UK airspace. Businesses and now realizing the benefits of drones, especially economically in the UK. Data statistics gathered from PWC (2019) determine that by 2030, the impact of drones commercially could be significant, especially within public service areas and society. By 2030, drones could save the economy £16bn, 628,000 jobs are estimated to be available to the economy with over 76,000 drones operating in UK sites. The savings determined will help the UK economy address productivity. Companies that embrace drone technology are expected to experience better business performance, provide additional growth and assist in future forecasting (PwC, 2019).
It is expected that the UK will economically and societally embrace drone technology. Technologically, it is associated with the development of commercial applications. The acceleration of drone solutions will help solve challenges presented by environmental issues. Drones will need to be used safely as they become more autonomous. A shift in social perception is expected to deliver positive social, environmental and financial benefits (PWC, 2019). For example, the oil and gas industry has seen a significant upturn in cost savings and efficiency in inspections. The automation of routine tasks within various industries aims to enhance safety performance, reduce risk and improve quality, including releasing people to focus on more value-added work (PWC, 2019). As drones evolve, there is a key responsibility to ensure its airspace is conducted safely and under government legislation (pwc.co.uk, 2019).
Drones will slowly become part of commonplace. Commercial business and the public are evidently expected to use drones, yet they must be used responsibly and ethically to ensure public use of safety, privacy and regulations for misuse. Expected growth within the business has predicted to be exponential and by 2030 drones will the focal point of driving business operations.