In addition, here are some resources on a more general process. Starting with the book Data Science for Business which explains the CRISP-DM (Cross Industry Standard Process for Data Mining).
The process involves six stages:
- Business Understanding
- Data Understanding
- Data Preparation
Here is a more high-level breakdown on how to apply CRISP-DM on AWS.
Facebook also created a video series where they go into depth in how they structure Machine Learning Projects with the Facebook Field Guide to Machine Learning.