~ By Ilhaan Rahim
From the very outset we have been told that one day A.I. will take over everything and replace humankind. And we accept it as truth because when “If you lie and keep repeating it,people will eventually come to believe in it”.Everyone today in academics is talking about AI. AI is everywhere but we are missing something. We have been told that AI is the future, it’s going to replace you and will take over humans.Is it just a myth or does it holds some truth?
Let’s find out.
Distinction between Weak AI and Strong AI
We must understand that there is a difference between weak AI and strong AI. Weak AI is a computer system’s ability to display intelligence. This can include answering complex mathematical equations or beating multiple opponents at the game of chess in less than an hour. Strong AI refers to computer systems actually being conscious. In other words, having the ability to experience subjective conscious states — which includes attaching meaning to things. Weak AI is possible and has already been developed.
Strong AI is impossible. What follows are the reasons why?
Computers function as they do because they have been constructed by human being endowed with rational insight. A computer,in other words,is merely an extension of the rationality of its designers and users; it is no more an independent source rational thought than a television set is an independent source of news and entertainment.” ~William Hasker
Where is The Problem?
Computer system Just manipulate symbols. For the system, the symbols are not about or of something — all computer scan “see” are the symbols they are manipulating, irrespective what we may think the symbols are about or of.Computer Programmes are just based on syntactic rules(the manipulation of symbols),not semantics (meaning).
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To understand the difference between semantics and syntax, consider the following sentences:
•I love you
•ich liebe dich
These three sentences mean the same : I love you. This Refers Semantics, the meaning of the sentences. But the syntax is different. In Other Words,the symbols used are unalike. The first sentence is using English symbols’ , the second German, and the last Japanese.
From this the following argument can be developed:
Argument against intentions of AI
1.Computer programmes are syntactical (based on syntax);
2.Minds Have Semantics;
3.Syntax by itself is neither sufficient for nor constitutive for semantics;
4.Therefore Computer Programmes By Themselves Are Not Minds.
Computer programmes are based on manipulation of symbols,not meaning. Likewise, Icannot know the meaning of the sentence in Bangla Just by manipulating the letters(symbols). No matter how many times I manipulate the Bangla letters, I will not be able to understand the meaning of the words.This is why for semantics we need more than the correct syntax.Computer programmes work on syntax and not on semantics. Computers do not know the meaning of anything.
AI cannot attach meaning to symbols, it just manipulates them in very complex ways. Therefore there will never be a strong version AI. AI will only replace physical effort of humankind not humans itself.
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