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What are the trends in artificial intelligence (“AI”) / big data / machine learning (“ML”) in your jurisdiction? How did COVID-19, if any, affect these trends?
Ireland is home to a vibrant open AI ecosystem with the tagline “AI Island”. Reputation as “European Silicon Valley”, educated workforce, low corporate tax of 12.5%, R & D tax credit of 25%, and preferential tax rate of 6.25% on income earned from qualified intellectual property (so-called) “Knowledge Development Box”) Make sure Ireland is an attractive hub for AI investment. The AI ecosystem is Ireland’s AI R & D and hub-based well-known companies, home-grown AI companies that are attracting the attention of key investors, and existing technologies that add new skill sets and new products to existing scope It is made up of companies. AI leaders in Ireland include IBM, Movidius, Accenture, Veritas, Xilinx and Nuritas. These leaders are complemented by the AI presence of other Irish multinationals such as Siemens, SAR, amazon Web Services, Deutsche Bank, Fujitsu, Salesforce, Huawei, Dell, Intel, Mastercard and Cisco.
The COVID-19 pandemic has rapidly accelerated the speed of technology adoption and innovation in Ireland. Until then, the use of AI was primarily focused on task automation. In response to pandemics, AI is likely to have a greater impact in all sectors, including fintech, medical diagnostics, entertainment / games, and transportation.
In 2020, Nuritas, an Irish company that uses artificial intelligence and genomics to produce healthier foods, will use AI technology to help people diagnosed with COVID-19 for treatment. We have begun to assist in the identification of peptides. Nuritas received a € 30 million facility from the European Investment Bank in late 2018 and previously raised € 16.8 million in a Series A round led by Cultivian Sandbox Ventures in Chicago.
Applied Data Analysis Research Center (“”CeADAR“) Is Ireland’s National Center for Applied AI and Data Analysis. Its work is to help more people, organizations and industries use analysis and AI to improve decision making, unleash hidden insights and compete. Focuses on developing tools, technologies and technologies that will enable us to maintain our advantage. In 2020, this is an AI project aimed at tackling the spread of COVID-19 for companies, government agencies and charity. Includes providing support to organizations and making the technology demonstrator project portfolio freely available in a license to work on COVID-19, which is a powerful data science computer platform with 90 industry members. It is a function that is provided as a shared resource to and provided for joint projects at the national and European levels.
Dublin is home to IBM Research Europe, which supports AI security research. IBM Ireland has a particular focus on the Watson AI platform. In December 2020, the Dublin County Council partnered with IBM to develop a virtual agent to help answer common public questions about COVID-19. Based on the IBM Watson Assistant, the COVID-19 Assistant provides answers in English and Irish through the Council’s website.
Microsoft Ireland and Science Foundation Ireland (“SFI”) have announced a joint investment in a climate change project called Terrain-AI. This project focuses on gaining a better understanding of the impact of human activity on land use and how it relates to climate change. Build AI models to communicate more effective and sustainable management practices, leading to significant carbon savings.
Research by researchers at Lero, Software’s SFI Research Center, and University College Dublin’s Complex Software Lab revealed AI challenges when the 80 million image libraries used to train AI were withdrawn. It was. ML system. Studies have shown that images in academic datasets used to develop AI systems and applications were contaminated with racist, misogynistic, and other unacceptable and offensive labels and slurs.
Are companies making the most of their data in ML and other applications?
Prior to the pandemic, Ireland was on average slower to adopt AI in its business than European companies. In a survey released by Microsoft and Ernst Young at the end of 2018, only 40% of Irish companies expect AI to have a significant impact on their core businesses, as opposed to an average of 65% across the rest of Europe. I did.
However, COVID-19 seems to have had a stimulating impact on Irish attitudes towards AI. It seems that many Irish companies are rethinking the use of AI as the COVID-19 pandemic is driving a major shift to telecommuting in many sectors. Expleo’s Business Transformation Index 2021 report, which surveys 200 companies and IT leaders, predicts that two-thirds of Irish companies will use AI or ML by 2023. This is a significant increase from 22% of the companies currently using it. Such technology. This change is directly related to the pandemic, as 40% of companies say they have automated more processes as a result of the pandemic. An additional 17% believed that automation would help reduce the backlog caused by COVID-19.
What is the government’s view on AI adoption?
The Government of Ireland supports the development, adoption and use of AI, positioning Ireland as an international leader in this area. This is reflected in Ireland’s Digital 9+ membership. This is the EU’s Digital Economic and Society Index (“”DESI“) Being ahead of its peers in robotics, ML, AI use, and ranking within DESI.
Ireland has two state agencies that promote AI. First, the Industrial Development Bureau (“”IDA“) Is responsible for securing foreign direct investment in Ireland and emphasizes Ireland’s AI capabilities as part of its outline. Enterprise Ireland (“)EI“) Is the government agency responsible for the development and growth of Irish companies in the global market. We work with Irish companies to help start, grow, innovate and acquire exports and sales in the global market.
The Technology Center Program is a joint initiative of IDA and EI to encourage Irish and foreign multinational companies to work with research institutes to collaborate on market-focused strategic R & D projects. This created CeADAR (see above). Insight, Connect, Lero, ICHEC, Tyndall National Institute, and ADAPT are examples of other research institutes that have contributed to 25 years of AI research in Ireland. The government has also set up a team on AI standardization led by the Irish National Standards Authority.
The Department of Trade and Employment conducted a public consultation process on AI in Ireland in 2019. After this consultation, it was expected that the national AI strategy would be adopted. However, this strategy has not yet been published. This is scheduled for 2021. Once published, it is understood that the strategy has seven strategic pillars. These are: (I) Address social opportunities and challenges for AI. (Ii) Promote the adoption of AI by Irish companies. (Iii) Promote the use of AI in the public sector. (Iv) Secure a strong AI innovation ecosystem. (V) Develop AI education, skills and talents. (Vi) Secure support data, digital and connectivity infrastructure. (Vii) Establish an appropriate governance and regulatory framework that takes human rights and ethics into account.
For more information on expected regulation and implementation, see the section “Regulatory / Government Intervention” below.
What industries / sectors are likely to be leaders in AI development and adoption?
The proliferation of Irish tech companies will be key to future AI development. In particular, Ireland has an attractive infrastructure for start-ups, many of which specialize in AI development.
Ireland is also home to some of the world’s leading universities offering education in computer science, programming and engineering. Research centers and programs affiliated with the Irish Education Center will provide a path for academic cooperation in the industry and will be another leader in development.
In various sectors, AI is especially useful for day-to-day operations, especially financial services. In a survey conducted by the Deloitte Financial Services Center in 2020, 43% of respondents in the financial sector expected increased spending on artificial intelligence. AI and automation have been important considerations in this sector during the pandemic. For example, retail banking, customer service “chatbots”, and online payments.
Ownership / protection
Who is the owner when the company creates the AI algorithm?
Intellectual property law can address some of the ownership aspects of AI, but it is unlikely that it could be used to cover all of them. Therefore, unless there is a change in current law, ownership must be a combination of intellectual property rights and contractual arrangements.
What intellectual property issues can arise with respect to ownership?
Section 17 (2) of the 2000 Copyright and Related Rights Act (“Copyright law“) Confirms that the literary work of definition, including computer programs, is copyrighted. Copyright may only be owned by a legal entity, virtually an individual, a company, or a partnership. Basically, an individual. Must be created (thus, the machine creating the content cannot be the legal owner of that content.
Section 21 (f) of the Copyright Act states that the copyright of computer-generated software is owned by the person making the necessary arrangements to create the work. A “computer-generated” work is defined as a computer-generated work in a situation where the author of the work is not an individual.
In the context of AI systems, it can be difficult to establish human involvement in the creation of content. Some AI tools or systems have the ability to create content yourself. In such a scenario, it is difficult to identify the individual who made the “arrangements necessary to create the work” to meet the copyright test under Article 21 of the Copyright Act.
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Originally issued by Global legal insights.
The content of this article is intended to provide a general guide to the subject. Expert advice should be sought for certain situations.
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